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Evidence of Non-Terrestrial Objects Surveilling Earth Could Be Revealed in New Research Effort ( The Debrief )

 non-terrestrial object

During the summer of 1954, the United States Air Force was on high alert. A pair of mysterious objects had been located in orbit between 400 and 600 miles from Earth, and now officials were in a state of confusion as to what they might represent. Could they be non-terrestrial objects of natural origin, or could they be something else entirely?

A more concerning possibility also lurked in the minds of officials at the time: what if the objects were manmade, and possibly of Soviet origin?

Dr. Lincoln La Paz, then the head of the Extra-Terrestrial Bodies Institute at the University of New Mexico, had been in constant communication with the Air Force about their unusual new problem. For weeks, he shot back and forth between the Palomar Observatory in California and the missile test center at White Sands, New Mexico, until it was finally determined by the astronomer that the objects were indeed natural: they were only meteors.

The story received tremendous attention after it first appeared in Aviation Week, and just days later, a source close to the Army Office of Ordnance Research assured the New York Times that no satellites deemed to be of artificial origin had been detected yet, adding about La Paz’s meteors that “there was absolutely no connection between the reported satellites and flying saucer reports.”

The search for objects in Earth’s orbit had been virgin territory in 1954, and the events in the fall of that year were only a foreshadowing of the kind of public fear yet to come. Once the Soviets actually did launch Sputnik 1 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the early days of October 1957, concerns about a technological gap among Western nations escalated into a full-blown crisis.

The world would never be the same. In the aftermath of the “Sputnik crisis,” the United States accelerated its space-bound efforts, eventually placing its own satellites into orbit, followed by successful manned space missions and, eventually, humans landing on the Moon in July 1969. Today, on any clear night one can look at the night sky and see tiny points of light moving silently along in their positions in orbit, representing objects that range from satellites and the International Space Station, to tiny reflective bits of debris from past space missions that have accumulated in Earth’s orbit steadily over time.

In addition to the satellites we have placed into orbit around our own planet, humans have also sent several spacecraft to further locales, some of which we have positioned around nearby planets like Mars. It seems logical to assume that if there were any intelligent extraterrestrials out there, they might do the same.

This brings to mind an interesting question for modern astronomers: what if aliens have surveilled our planet, either in the past, or even in the present day? If so, how might we detect evidence of their technologies?




With the amount of debris that clutters the space around our planet today, it would prove difficult to locate any prospective alien probes that may be watching us. Based on current European Space Agency data, there are 5,800 functioning satellites in orbit, with nearly 31,590 debris objects that have been logged and continuously tracked by Space Surveillance Networks.

However, not all objects in orbit around our planet are being tracked. According to current statistical models, smaller space objects between 1 mm and 10 cm could number greater than 131 million.

In short, the orbital area around our planet has become a very cluttered place since the dawn of the Space Age, making it increasingly difficult to search for any possible outliers that might represent evidence of non-terrestrial technological artifacts that might be observing our planet.

That’s why one group of researchers, led by Beatriz Villarroel of the Nordic Institute of Theoretical Physics and Stockholm University, has undertaken a citizen science effort to search for evidence of such non-terrestrial artifacts in what some might consider an unusual place: data that has already been publicly available for decades.

Prior to the launch of manmade satellites like Sputnik 1 in the late 1950s, Earth’s skies were free of the clutter that hinders modern searches for prospective non-terrestrial objects. According to Villarroel and her team, one way to overcome this problem is by scanning earlier photographic plate projects such as the First Palomar Sky Survey (POSS-1), which is the focus of the Vanishing & Appearing Sources during a Century of Observations (VASCO) project.

“We expect the project to yield many interesting findings over time,” reads a statement on the website of the VASCO Network, “maybe even some anomalous objects and events — could aliens be responsible for any of those?”

In the May issue of Acta Astronautica, Villarroel and several colleagues published a paper, “A glint in the eye: Photographic plate archive searches for non-terrestrial artefacts,” which elaborates on how potentially anomalous non-terrestrial objects might be located.

“We show that even the small pieces of reflective debris in orbit around the Earth can be identified through searches for multiple transients in old photographic plate material exposed before the launch of the first human satellite in 1957,” the researchers state in the paper’s abstract. According to Villarroel and her coauthors, images depicting what they identify as “simultaneous transients” may hold the key to detecting evidence of non-terrestrial artifacts that may have been lurking in Earth’s orbit since the days prior to Sputnik.


Beatriz Villarroel of the Nordic Institute of Theoretical Physics and Stockholm University (Image Credit: Karl Nordlund/Stockholm University)


“About 80% of the very fast bright flashes (glints) in our sky are the result of artificial objects with highly reflective, flat surfaces,” Villarroel recently told The Debrief. These objects, many of them relatively small according to Villarroel, may be found in geosynchronous orbit around the Earth.

“A fast glint like this will look like a star in an image,” Villarroel says, “and sometimes one can see several glints from the same object in an image (or from different ones). Space debris and satellites in geosynchronous orbits can leave multiple glints in an image.

“Multiple glints in sky images is, therefore, a typical signature of artificial objects,” Villarroel says. By looking at some of the earliest photographic plates collected by 20th-century astronomers, the VASCO team thinks they could easily discern the presence of any reflective objects in geosynchronous orbits (GEO) since they would appear as short lines in these photographs, the length of which can be used as an indicator of their speed and position in orbit (satellites at higher GEO altitudes produce fast, transient glints that result from the light they reflect from the Sun).

Of particular interest to Villarroel and her colleagues are the appearances of multiple glints, which may indicate a single object tumbling through space producing a series of flashes as its surfaces reflect sunlight, or possibly even the presence of several objects.

“We propose to look for multiple glints in image data before Sputnik I,” Villarroel told The Debrief. “If such signatures are found in a time when there were no high-altitude satellites, that could imply the presence of Non-Terrestrial Artifacts (NTAs) in orbits around the Earth.”

Although surveying photographic data from pre-satellite times offers obvious benefits to the search for non-terrestrial artifacts, there are challenges for modern researchers using this approach, since multiple glints in older sky survey imagery could be accounted for by a number of other things. These could include defects in the images that produce the appearance of star-like objects which, in fact, may simply be photographic artifacts.

“If one finds multiple glints in an image, we cannot know for sure that the observation is real as some defects might possibly look star-like,” Villarroel says. “And it is difficult to access the original photographic plates to examine the ‘stars’ under a microscope.”

One simple way that Villarroel and her colleagues have proposed to help narrow down any likely anomalies is to search or instances where they appear in a single line.

“The main proposal of the paper is, therefore, to look for an even clearer signature, which is to search for these multiple glints-events that on top of everything, also are aligned along a line,” Villarroel told The Debrief. Unlike plate defects, which could most often be expected to appear randomly across the image, Villarroel says that genuine glints of light detected by cameras, possibly produced by debris or satellites of unknown origin, would produce consistent glints of light along a line in an image.

Villarroel says there are several sources of imagery that astronomers can use for such surveys, many of which are freely available. However, an added benefit of conducting multiple surveys could be that the presence of any anomalies detected in one photographic plate collection, if thereafter found in a separate set of images, could help confirm the presence of a genuine anomaly.

“Many observatories have their photographic plate collections,” Villarroel says. “Finding similar examples of ‘multiple transients’ in other image data sets could help to confirm the effect. Also, we have predicted some shapes and glinting patterns in our recent preprint that one can use to search for the predicted objects in modern datasets.”

Along with her efforts with the Vasco Network, Villarroel is a research team member of The Galileo Project, a scientific effort led by astronomer Avi Loeb aimed at detecting extraterrestrial technological signatures produced by Extraterrestrial Technological Civilizations (ETCs).

“The Galileo project is excellently suited for these searches,” Villarroel told The Debrief.

With decades of imagery now in hand, modern advances in computer imaging and artificial intelligence could prove to be instrumental in helping astronomers make a breakthrough in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Considering some of the early observations by Lincoln La Paz and other astronomers at the dawn of the Space Age, it would indeed be ironic if it were ever proven that evidence of extraterrestrial technologies had been lurking much closer to home than most would have ever expected.

When asked about some of the intriguing observations that preceded the earliest launch of artificial satellites in 1957, Villarroel says cases from decades ago might indeed be worthy of renewed attention from modern astronomers, especially if the current efforts to analyze photographic plate collections ever turns up anything odd.

These historical examples would be very interesting for us to look at through the VASCO glasses,” Villarroel says.

Micah Hanks 

Source News 

Why There’s a Chance We Heard From Aliens Back in 1977 ( DAILY BEAST )


WOW! A loud, peculiar signal detected by scientists 45 years ago is getting a second look—and renewing hopes that we found extraterrestrial life. 


On Aug. 15, 1977, an astronomer at Ohio State University, listening to the galaxy with the university’s powerful Big Ear radio telescope, overheard alien chatter echoing somewhere out there in the direction of the Sagittarius constellation.

Well, maybe. When Jerry Ehman noticed the highly structured, seemingly deliberate signal in a computer printout of radio data, he jotted down a note: “Wow!” His exclamation gave the discovery its name.

The Wow! signal seemed like it might have originated from an extraterrestrial civilization. After all, the two-and-a-half-minute signal was loud—a full 30 times louder than the background noise of space.

But scientists were never able to pick up the signal a second time. Lacking additional data, they assumed the signal was just random noise from some star or comet or other natural source–and eventually moved on.

Wow! faded into history—just another possible near-miss in our search for alien life alongside one very interesting Martian soil sample from 1976, as well as the mysterious object known as ‘Oumuamua that blazed through our solar system back in 2017.

Now a team led by Columbia University astronomer David Kipping is making the case for a fresh effort to detect the signal. We should be able to find it—or confirm it’s gone for good—with just two additional months of hard work and some creative thinking, Kipping and his co-author, Chicago data consultant Robert Gray, wrote in their peer-reviewed study, which appeared online on June 22 and has been accepted for future publication in the science journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

“I think it’s worth chasing down for a couple more months to get to the point where we could say with confidence that the field isn’t worth pursuing anymore,” Kipping told The Daily Beast. “Either we spend two months on the Wow! field and see nothing and can then move on, or we see a recurrence—and that would change the whole story.”

Ehman was working as a volunteer for the then-new field of science known as the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence program, or SETI, when he first noticed the Wow! signal 45 years ago. Besides how loud he noticed it came across in the readout, Ehman also saw that it traveled along a seemingly symbolic frequency: 1420 megahertz, the resonant frequency of an energized hydrogen atom.


The frequency and loudness made Wow! “arguably the most compelling SETI signal ever found,” Kipping and Gray wrote.

SETI’s methods for finding signs of life—listening for radio signals, looking for lasers or other visual evidence of aliens—have evolved a lot since the effort got underway back in the 1960s. The field’s standards for what might qualify as evidence of aliens have also changed.

But one key criterion remains the same: repeatability. It’s not enough to overhear an artificially produced signal once. After all, intelligent beings, if they’re trying to communicate with each other or us, wouldn’t broadcast just one message once, right? They’d probably try again and again, most likely on a regular schedule.

That’s where the Wow! discovery went wrong all those decades ago. Periodically for decades, astronomers tried listening for a similar signal—most recently in 2020 and 2002. They pointed radio telescopes at Sagittarius, tuned them to 1420 megahertz… and waited.

They heard nothing, despite admirable patience. In 2002, astronomers listened for 14 hours at a time across six different observation periods, and still registered nothing but the usual groan of background radiation.

“One key criterion remains the same: repeatability. It’s not enough to overhear an artificially produced signal once.”

That seems to imply that the 1977 signal was some kind of fluke—a random burst of galactic noise. “Lack of any repetition (especially with greater sensitivity, longer observations and broader spectral coverage), ostensibly places considerable pressure on the credibility of the Wow! signal,” Kipping and Gray wrote.

But maybe it’s our expectations that are off. “In order to learn, scientists must admit that their knowledge is incomplete,” Avi Loeb, a Harvard astronomer, told The Daily Beast.

Maybe Wow! really was an alien signal, but the beings who broadcast it didn’t honor our insistence that they communicate a certain way. In their study, Kipping and Gray proposed two possibilities in the event Wow! did come from E.T. “It could either be a non-continuous emission source and/or a continuous source that drifts in frequency.”

In other words, maybe the Wow! signal repeats, but it doesn’t repeat quickly or at predictable intervals. Maybe it’s sliding up and down in frequency.

David Kipping

If we abandon old, rigid assumptions about how aliens could communicate, we might stand a better chance of hearing Wow! again. Sixty-two days of close listening with the latest radio receivers should be enough to find—or rule out yet again—an erratic alien signal, Kipping and Gray estimated.

There are problems with the proposal. What if the signal repeats erratically, but at an interval of decades or even centuries—making it extremely unlikely we’d overhear it? “It does seem as if people are changing the possible parameters of the signal to fit one detection and a lot of negative results,” Seth Shostak, an astronomer with the California-based SETI Institute, told The Daily Beast.

Another problem, of course, is the millions of dollars a fresh, two-month search for Wow! would cost. “Extraordinary evidence requires extraordinary funding,” Loeb quipped. After so many fruitless surveys, Shostak for one predicted the committees that assign telescope time would turn down a request for another Wow! search.

Let’s assume one team of SETI scientists or another secures the funding, gets access to a radio telescope, applies Kipping and Gray’s new standards and—eureka!—hears the 1977 signal once again.

Even that wouldn’t be hard proof of aliens, Kipping stressed. It’s just one step toward possibly, eventually proving aliens exist. We’d need a lot more data before we announced we’re not alone in the universe.

But discovering Wow! a second time could help us tune into the same signal a third, fourth, fifth time, and so on. “It would mean the signal could be re-observed in the future,” Kipping said. The longer we listen, the more we might learn. “That information could uncover some new natural radio source never seen before, or even a message from another civilization.”

It all starts with opening our minds to the possibility that aliens, if they’re out there, don’t necessarily think—or talk—the way we do.

David Axe 

Source News 


CLOSE ENCOUNTERS I’ve recorded 450 UFO sightings in the past year at ‘alien hotspot’ – my team are ready to reveal ‘proof’ to the world ( The SUN )

 One of the images released by the lab appears to show a flying saucer in the sky

A UFO expert has claimed he has recorded a total of 450 UFO sightings in the past year at an alien hotspot.

The head of the International UFO Institute said his team is set to reveal proof of alien life.

Takeharu Mikami who is also the editor-in-chief of Mu magazine said his researchers have so far registered 452 UFO-like sightings in the region's Linomachi district- an area known for UFO encounters.

He said that 125 of them can be backed by photos, and 24 others by videos.

“It is not a bird; it is likely a UFO,” commenting on one of the pictures released to the public.

The UFO lab opened in Iino Fukushima Prefecture in Japan last year, to "strive to unravel the enigma of these flying objects," according to a report by local news outlet the Mainichi

 The lab claims it has proof of 452 UFO sightings

It is based in UFO Interactive Hall, a facility with UFO-related displays located in the city.

Director Mikami was quoted stating at the time: "Until now, even if UFOs were discovered, the information was shared only on an individual level.

"I hope the research lab will serve as a base receiving information, and lead to new discoveries.

"I'd like to get to the bottom of their identity."

Iinomachi has been long promoted as a popular alien hotspot in Japan.

The nearby UFO Fureaikan Museum has a collection of around 3,000 documents and other materials.

It comes as last week five pilots testified to seeing 21 objects appear and disappear in Brazil's epic "Night of the UFOs".

While one of the Pentagon's chief UFO experts has revealed his identity for the first time and claimed he has seen countless mystery craft.

Meanwhile, a woman has claimed she can communicate with aliens after visiting an ancient pyramid and says she has a message for mankind.

Aliki Kraterou 

Source News