Statistiche

lunedì 30 dicembre 2019

Happy New Year 2020 | New Year Eve | New Year Remix | New Year Wishes 2020



Source video: Interesting Feeds

NASA's new rover set to look for alien fossils on Mars and if humans could live there in future


Source video: The Sun

U.S. Spaceflight Duration Records


Source video: NASA

Future Possibilities for Life on Mars Continue With New Discovery

The planet may be 'right on the edge of habitability.'

 

 Risultati immagini per life on mars and methane

  Scientists have been studying Mars for years, attempting to find out if there are signs of life on the red planet. Now, the results from two new studies contain what experts are calling, "milestones for astrobiology."

As reported by National Geographic, a new study published in Science shows evidence that ancient Mars once had organic molecules, which are carbon-based compounds that are essential ingredients for life.

NASA biogeochemist Jennifer Eigenbrode said that NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is making seemingly impossible research more realistic.

"When you work with something as crazy as a rover on Mars, with the most complex instrument ever sent to space, it seems like we’re doing what may have been perceived earlier as impossible," Eigenbrode said.National Geographic reports that Curiosity's most recent data shows that complex organic molecules were once in a lake that filled Mars' Gale Crater. However, this isn't conclusive proof for ancient life on Mars, as experts say non-living processes could have created the same molecules. Instead, the discovery helps scientists decide where Rovers should look for traces of ancient Martians.

Since 2014, researchers have known that methane exists is Mars' atmosphere. However, a separate study from NASA Jet Propulsion Lab scientist Chris Webster shows that Mars' methane levels fluctuate throughout the seasons.

Methane levels on Mars rise in the summer and fall in the winter. Webster has suspicions about why the methane levels change with the seasons, but nobody knows what is causing the methane production in the first place. Methane can only survive a few hundred years at a time, with Webster saying, "it's a gas in the atmosphere of Mars that really shouldn't be there."Caltech planetary scientist Bethany Ehlmann said the methane levels show that Mars is still an active planet that may be "right on the edge of habitability." While important, these studies don't prove biological activity on Mars, but they also don't rule it out.

Upcoming research may shed more light on Mars' methane production. When it lands in 2020, the European Space Agency's ExoMars spacecraft will drill over six feet into the soil on Mars. The ExoMars mission is already collecting data that may allow scientists to pinpoint the methane sources on Mars.


2015's The Martian explored the life of an astronaut stranded on Mars. In our The Martian review, we thought it was great, calling it "a love letter to science anchored by a great Matt Damon."

Logan Plant 

Source News 

Ancient Aliens: The US Government's Evidence of UFOs (Season 12, Episode 1) | History


Source video: HISTORY

Avvistamenti UFO in europa Documentario Alieni 2019



Source video: Documentari H20

History of Vimana - flying machine


Source video: MAXWORLDFACTS


The Mystery Of The Great Pyramid Uncovered! Erich von Däniken Explains!


Source video: thirdphaseofmoon

Erich von Däniken takes us beyond the myths and legends which have shaped our view of history, to present an alternate view of historical events, megalithic structures and archaeological discoveries. Stream more from this outstanding series, http://bit.ly/Beyond_AncientAliens only on Gaia.

Classified Shuttle Mission Monitors an Alien Spacecraft


Source video: VideoFromSpace

Part of a transmission from the space shuttle Discovery back to Houston intercepted by an amateur radio operator includes "We still have the alien spacecraft under observance." Full Episodes Streaming FREE on AHC GO: https://www.ahctvgo.com/

Risultati immagini per oliviero mannucci jhon blaha
Me ( Oliviero Mannucci) and the protagonist of the close encounter Jhon Blaha at the Kennedy Space Center in 2012

(METEOR)"Compilations" in Saipan and Guam tonight l Mothership flying over the ocean , ISS live feed


Source video: mavi 777

Alien UFO Sightings l Dark UFO Seen In Brazil l Strange Red Lights!



Source video: mavi 777

OVNI KRASNODAR RUSIA CADA VEZ MAS CERCA


Fuente de video: Sky Watchers con Carlos Clemente

26 DE JUNIO DEL 2019, ANAPA KRASNODAR RUSIA, UNA CIUDAD PUERTO CERCANA AL MAR NEGRO, EN UNA GRABACION PANORAMICA SE CAPTA LA PRESENCIA DE UN DISCO SUSPENDIDO A UNOS METROS SOBRE LAS CASAS CERCA DE LA PLAYA… CADA VEZ ESTAN MAS CERCA DE NOSOTROS….

Deep Prasad: el físico narra su Encuentro Cercano del Tercer Tipo y pone en riesgo su reputación


Fuente de video: La Senal ( ciencia y misterios)

Deep Prasad, Close Encounter, Data Download, Non Human Intelligences


Source video: Ben Lovegrove

Mysterious swarms of giant drones have started to appear in the Colorado and Nebraska night sky, and nobody knows where they're coming from

Drones fly over the base during a light show at Travis Air Force Base, California, on July 5, 2018.

Mysterious swarms of giant drones have dotted the Colorado and Nebraska night sky since last week, The Denver Post first reported.

The drones appear and disappear at roughly the same time each night in swarms of at least 17 and up to 30. The drones appear to measure about 6 feet across.

Local and federal government authorities say they have no idea where the drones are coming from. They do not appear to be malicious, however, and a drone expert says they appear to be searching or mapping out the area.

Something strange has been happening in Eastern Colorado at night.
Since the week of Christmas, giant drones measuring up to 6 feet across have been spotted in the sky at night, sometimes in swarms as large as 30. The Denver Post first reported these mysterious drone sightings in northeastern Colorado on December 23. Since then, sightings have spanned six counties across Colorado and Nebraska. Phillips County Sheriff Thomas Elliott had no answer for where the drones came from or whom they belonged to but did have a rough grasp on their flying habits. "They've been doing a grid search, a grid pattern," he told The Denver Post. "They fly one square and then they fly another square."The drones, estimated to have 6-foot wingspans, have been flying over Phillips and Yuma counties every night for about the past week, Elliott said Monday. Each night, at least 17 drones appear at about 7 o'clock and disappear at about 10 o'clock, staying 200 to 300 feet in the air.The Federal Aviation Administration told The Post it had no idea where the drones came from. Representatives for the Air Force, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and the US Army Forces Command all said the drones did not belong to their organizations.
As the airspace where the drones are flying is relatively ungoverned, there are no regulations requiring the drone operators to identify themselves. Elliott, however, said the drones did not appear to be malicious.
The Post spoke with the commercial photographer and drone pilot Vic Moss, who said the drones appeared to be searching or mapping out the area. Moss said drones often flew at night for crop-examination purposes. The drones might also belong to a local Colorado drone company, which could be testing new technologies.
In the meantime, Moss urges residents not to shoot down the drones, as they are highly flammable.
"It becomes a self-generating fire that burns until it burns itself out," he told The Post. "If you shoot a drone down over your house and it lands on your house, you might not have a house in 45 minutes."

Irene Jiang

Source News

The Year UFOs Became a Little More Legit

We didn’t find ETs in 2019, but the U.S. government did become a little more chatty about flying saucers.

Tom DeLonge, a green alien, and Donald Trump.

 Not long ago, the world received what seemed like an otherworldly revelation: The Pentagon had been secretly running a UFO research project, despite the fact it had long claimed a lack of interest in flying saucers. Three creepy UFO videos were paraded onto the internet, showing mystery objects caught on military cameras. Out of the shadows emerged the program’s soul-patched former director. He had recently retired from the Defense Department and joined up with a new corporation called To the Stars Academy. Helmed by former Blink-182 member Tom DeLonge, To the Stars is both a UFO research organization and a media company. It had attracted other high-profile figures, too—like the former deputy assistant secretary of defense for intelligence and a retired executive from Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Works, the division that designs planes that seem like they’re from other planets. Since those initial disclosures, UFOs have kept themselves in the headlines, like celebrities who haven’t made a movie in a decade but show up quarterly on magazine covers. And in the two years since the initial saucer story, the truth has grown complicated. The Pentagon claims the bearded director wasn’t actually the director and, in fact, “had no responsibilities with regard to” the program; it has released documentation showing that the three UFO videos were never authorized for public release; and, most recently, it has claimed that this supposed UFO program didn’t actually deal with UFOs at all.Despite this turbulence, 2019 was the year that UFOs managed to propel themselves into an uneasy political legitimacy: Washington initiated ufological policy changes, held official UFO briefings, and even signed a research agreement with To the Stars. Some segments of the population have taken the governmental nods as acknowledgment that UFOs are both real and extraterrestrial, but the truth—while out there—is considerably fuzzier.The first big news came in April, when the Navy said it was drafting new guidelines for reporting run-ins with UFOs. Headlines blared things like “Aliens, Ahoy!” but the military was likely talking about much more mundane encounters, according to explanations that followed about the exigence of the guidelines. “The wide proliferation and availability of inexpensive unmanned aerial systems (UAS), such as commercially available quadcopters, has increasingly made airspace de-confliction an issue,” an official told a reporter, according to redacted emails released via a Freedom of Information Act request. “Consistent with the wide proliferation and availability of inexpensive unmanned aerial systems (UAS), sightings of this nature have increased in frequency from 2014 until now.” In other words, they may have been talking about your cousin’s drone collection. As ever, while “UFO” means aliens in common conversation, in actuality it just means anything a person (or instrument) sees in the sky that that person (or instrument) can’t identify. Other explanations on the table: foreign military aircraft, classified American aircraft, ghost machines resulting from electronic warfare. Personally, I find it difficult to take the extraterrestrial explanation seriously until I have evidence of extraterrestrials, not just a lack of proof it’s not extraterrestrials. 

Nevertheless, a few months later, in June, UFOs climbed higher up the executive chain. George Stephanopoulos asked Donald Trump about the Navy’s reported UFO incidents. Trump said he’d been briefed, yeah, sure. “People are saying they’re seeing UFOs,” he said. “Do I believe it? Not particularly.”The president, though, wasn’t the only one to get a briefing. That same month, senators gathered in a “that’s classified” way to learn about military UFO encounters. Spokesman Lt. Cmdr. Daniel Day said the meeting centered “on efforts to understand and identify these threats to the safety and security of our aviators.” Later, Sen. Mark Walker accused the Navy of withholding UFO info, saying, “There is frustration with the lack of answers to specific questions about the threat that superior aircraft flying in United States airspace may pose.”

These responses—about “de-confliction,” pilot safety, and threats—all share the subtext that UFOs represent a national security menace. As the year went on, the military showed the thread of threat held not just for spaceships but also for the earthlings who are into them. In June, a goateed college student created a satirical Facebook event called “Storm Area 51, They Can’t Stop All of Us.”
History suggests that Area 51 is a testing ground for experimental air things, but conspiratorial types believe the country stashes saucers and alien specimens in that two-Delaware-sized region of the desert. The joke-raid was about joke-finding all those secrets. More than 2 million people RSVP’d yes.
The Air Force—apparently having never hosted a party and so not knowing that most RSVPs are aspirational—got serious about protection. “Any attempt to illegally access the area is highly discouraged,” the military said, in patronizing understatement. Acting Air Force Secretary Matt Donovan added later that the base had gotten “additional security personnel, as well as additional barricades.”
Indeed: The week of the event, the remote area swarmed with cops, and extra wire cordoned off the base. But at the appointed late-night hour, just a few dozen people gathered at the gate, taking made-for-YouTube video of themselves getting mock-ready to mock-storm, to “The Final Countdown.”
Just before the Area 51 “raid,” the Navy had dropped a bomb (metaphorically), almost as if it wanted to punk the Air Force, or steal from its share of UFO news: Those objects in the three famous videos? They were UFOs. Or, at least that’s what the headlines about the Navy’s statement said. A Lit 101 close-reading of the statement, though, tells a different story.
“The U.S. Navy designates the objects contained in the 3 range-incursion videos that are currently being referred to in various media as unidentified aerial phenomena,” said spokesman Joseph Gradisher of the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Warfare in a statement. “[UAP] provides the basic descriptor for the sightings/observations of unauthorized/unidentified aircraft/objects that have been observed entering/operating in the airspace of various military-controlled training ranges. It’s any aerial phenomenon that cannot immediately be identified.”
Gradisher’s definition leaves space for objects that would be identified later, or were simply unauthorized and not necessarily unidentified. That would include falcons that a pilot doesn’t immediately recognize as birds, or your cousin’s drone (again). Those mundane objects would get the same acronymical treatment as a spacecraft from a Steven Spielberg fever dream.
Most people—60 percent, according to a recent Gallup poll—believe all UFO sightings are of objects in the former category. But if you ask the folks at To the Stars, they might point you toward their recently acquired metamaterials, “reported to have come from an advanced aerospace vehicle of unknown origin” (implication: beyond Earth). In October, To the Stars announced a research agreement with the Army to test and characterize the materials. That seemed like validation. But then came a curveball: On Dec. 6, the Pentagon told researcher John Greenewald—who runs one of Earth’s largest private archives of FOIA’d documents, many only declassified or released at his request—that its “UFO” program didn’t study UFOs. Or UAP. Or anomalies of any sort. It simply studied what the Defense Department usually cares about: weapons. The truth, here, is on the move, the official reversal a reminder that the path of ufology is one of fast turns, steep ascents, and stomach-flipping drops. (If you want a little perspective on those spins, consider a trip to the National Archives Museum in Washington, where until Jan. 16 you can see an exhibit about the Defense Department’s previous UFO research program, Project Blue Book.) Just as government interest has come and gone and (maybe) come back, the ebbs and flows of the public’s UFO interest are also cyclical: They ran hot in the 1990s, cooled during the 2000s, then reignited this decade. Religious scholar Joseph Laycock offers a few potential reasons why, but perhaps the most compelling is that “disenchantment leads to re-enchantment.” A seminal 1954 paper called “Four Functions of Folklore” suggests something similar: When dissatisfaction or skepticism about a belief arises, it may Phoenix back up with “a myth or legend to validate it.” Maybe the Pentagon’s UFO program is our decade’s myth, here to reenchant us, at least for a while. 

Sarah Scoles 

Ufo, la piena divulgazione dei fenomeni extraterrestri nel 2020? Trump avrebbe fermato la verità

Stephen Bassett, assertore dell’esistenza degli UFO e instancabile cercatore, sostiene che Donald Trump avrebbe impedito che venisse diffusa la verità sugli Ufo. Il 2020, grazie all’elezione del suo successore, potrebbe segnare la svolta

Risultati immagini per stephen basset 
L’anno della svolta sugli Ufo? Il 2020: parola di Stephen Bassett. Il cacciatore di Ufo è convinto che l’anno in arrivo possa portare alla divulgazione totale della verità sui fenomeni extraterrestri, e se finora ciò non è avvenuto la colpa sarebbe di Donald Trump. Il Presidente avrebbe fatto in modo che tutte le informazioni di cui dispongono gli Usa in merito non venissero fuori. L’elezione di un nuovo presidente, attesa proprio per il 2020 (ma Trump potrebbe sempre riconfermarsi nel suo ruolo), potrebbe mettere fine all’ “oscurantismo” promosso da questa presidenza e aprire la strada a una nuova era di conoscenza sulla vita nell’universo. Il Daily Star ha raccolto, in un articolo, le dichiarazioni di Bassett che qui vi riproponiamo.

Il 2020 sarà l’anno degli Ufo? Il governo Trump ha nascosto la verità

Il 2020 sarà l’anno degli Ufo? Stephen Bassett è certissimo che il prossimo anno segnerà la svolta nel campo di azione che tanto lo interessa. Nel 1996 Bassett si fece promotore del Paradigm Research Group per chiedere che cessasse l’embargo sulla questione degli extraterrestri. In particolare, Bassett ha dichiarato ai microfoni del Daily Star che se Trump non fosse mai stato eletto come Presidente degli Usa noi vivremmo già da qualche anno in un’era post-divulgativa.
Ora, il noto cacciatore di alieni è convinto che nel 2020 i governi e gli eserciti possano finalmente svelare la verità. Un primo passo lo avrebbe compiuto la stessa Marina militare americana, definendo come “fenomeni aerei non identificati” degli avvistamenti di cui non si conosce la natura.

Il 2020 sarà l’anno degli Ufo? Parla Stephen Bassett

Se potessimo risolvere questo piccolo problema politico negli Stati Uniti e tornare a un governo normale e funzionante, anche se sono sicuro che non sarà mai perfetto, penso che questa cosa ET e la “To The Stars Academy” (una compagnia fondata dal chitarrista dei Blink-182 Tom DeLonge, ndr) la faranno esplodere. Hanno molte più cose da dire ma le hanno nascoste e questo problema potrebbe fuoriuscire. Ciò significa che la divulgazione potrebbe facilmente avvenire nel 2020, cosa che mi piace davvero e che sarà interessante (…)”, ha dichiarato ancora l’uomo.
Stephen Bassett è convinto che gli extraterrestri abbiano neutralizzato le nostre armi nucleari per dimostrarci quanto esse siano inutili al cospetto della loro tecnologia, ma pensa anche che se gli umani non nasconderanno più la loro esistenza loro si impegneranno seriamente per mettersi in contatto con noi. Bassett è fermamente convinto che gli extraterrestri possano condividere con l’umanità il segreto della loro medicina e salvarci dalla crisi degli antibiotici, e che da questi contatti la Nasa potrebbe trarre enormi benefici sul profilo dell’esplorazione dello spazio.

Fonte

venerdì 27 dicembre 2019

Season’s Greetings from NASA


Source video: NASA

Revelations - The Truth About Crop Circles (UFO Documentary)


Source video: beetleguese 1209

Crop Circles - Are they made by interdimensional space craft or a couple of guys with planks of wood and rope? A look into the people who claim to have made the crop circles and demonstrate how they did it on camera.

UFO Alarm l UFO Fleet Seen In Mexico l Strange Cloud Anomaly!


Source video: mavi 777

UFO? Chilean Navy releases video of mysterious flying object


Source video: Fox News

Chilean Navy declassifies and releases 2014 video of mysterious flying object.

Super Soldier Talk – Randy Cramer – Mars Defense Force


Source video: Super Soldier Talk

Captain Randy Cramer talks about his 20 years and back with Project Moonshadow in the Mars Defense Force. Learn about Martian Lifeforms, civilian Life, Reptilian and Insectoids Lifeforms, medical technology, Intergalactic Space Station, SSP Disclosure, terraforming Mars, and more. Randy Cramer's Website : http://www.earthcitizenconsulting.org/ If you like to learn more about James Rink, super soldiers, and milabs please visit: http://www.supersoldiertalk.com Please support us with your tax deductible donations: http://www.healingsoulsurvivors.org/ If you like to learn more about how meditation technology can assist you please visit: http://www.neologicaltech.com Video edited and created by James Rink Original Recording Date: October 28, 2018 Disclaimer: James Rink and Neological Technologies does not necessarily vouch for the validity of any of the views expressed in this video and shall be held harmless by all third parties. Meditation and any information provided here is offered to treat for entertainment purposes only. Discernment is always required.

RAND Corporation Admits UFO/Nephilim Exist!


Source video: Lisa Haven

The RAND Corp was originally a project developed following the Second World War and was called Project RAND. In May 1948 he separated from the Douglas Aircraft Company and acquired his independence as a non-profit organization. George Kocher of the RAND Corporation published this document in November 1968, a few months after the University of Colorado completed its Condon Report. The RAND Corp. document is divided into five different essays: historical aspects, astronomical aspects, the nature of relationships, phenomenological aspects, how to proceed and why. These essays explore the types of reports and UFO sightings, how they are classified and a list of hypotheses surrounding the phenomenon. The Rand Corporation document also provides an example of a detailed UFO report developed by the University together with a Colorado study group. According to the report, the power elites have such a mystifying and mind-blowing secret that they are doing everything they can to keep it hidden from the public eye. We recommend that you watch the video below in its entirety in order to understand what Rand’s document actually is. In fact, the video below contains significant information and illustrates the top-secret documentation prepared by the RAND Corporation. In it the existence of UFOs and beings from other worlds is openly admitted. The video released in 2014 shows this information, and will reveal the existence of ET spaceships belonging to the Semitic people (the Nephilim) and is something that should surely be watched and shared. Rand Corporation documents can be found below: http://www.rand.org/pubs/drafts/DRU1571.html

CIA Document Shows Life on Mars Observed in 1984


Source video: It's

The sensational document of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) that we show you is proof of how the United States, through the CIA, explored Mars and discovered a giant ancient alien race through psychic subjects and remote viewing. The discovery took place on May 22, 1984. The CIA would have used very “sensitive” issues, ie people with ESP faculties and applying the famous “Remote View”, remote viewing, which allows you to “see” with your mind, beyond what I can. Capture naturally The CIA would employ psychic elements with unusual and controversial abilities to reach places in our Solar System inaccessible by any other means. The CIA wanted to know more about the Cydonia region on Mars and, as the declassified documents show, in 1984 intelligence employed a remote viewer, called SUB, to look for more information about this area. SUB has used its ability to penetrate time and space and allow access to episodes of history contained in the level of collective consciousness or akashic recordings. The CIA, through these issues, has managed to discover an extraterrestrial outpost on Mars where it existed or still exists, an ancient alien race of giants. The Remotes hired by the CIA also saw the geographic position of Mars, where this alien race had been living for more than a million years. It may be difficult for some to believe that such capabilities have been used by the intelligence services, but there are several declassified documents that show that this has happened. The CIA documents also receive specific coordinates, and it seems safe, as if they knew where to look. This is the surprising result of the Vision: the ancient race of aliens, they are a people of giants and have lived for more than a million years. They are dying and looking for a way to survive, but they can not leave Mars. The subject SUB has been commissioned to venture about 1 million years in the past. The most remote during the trip, it crossed enormous pyramids and catastrophic events that were objects of destruction of the atmosphere and the landscape of Mars. Within these monuments were the ancient inhabitants of Mars, a very tall race of humanoids, thin, dressed in clothes or silk tunics. Everyone was scared because they were escaping, taking refuge from something petty and ruthless that came from outside. While some of them fled to a spaceship, others waited for the return of their brothers who had to take them to a safe place. Later, SUB witnessed the trip through the flight space of the Martians. Their journey took them to another planet in our solar system with lush vegetation and different types of storms. That destiny is believed to be the earth. The coordinates of Mars taken from the psychic subject or the remote control V .: are first asked to focus on 40.89 ° north, 9.55 degrees west – This is how it appears in Google Earth (Mars). Of course you can read all the CIA documents below:

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP96-00788R001900760001-9.pdf
This document recovers the theory of Dr. John Brandenburg, a plasma physicist who declared long ago: “On Mars there was an ancient alien civilization, which was flourishing, and then swept away by a nuclear attack by an alien invader. found evidence of two nuclear explosions on the surface of the planet.

I venti anni di oscurità del Medioevo

Nei ghiacci della Groenlandia una spiegazione per un periodo molto difficile per la vita sulla Terra all'inizio del Medioevo, 1.500 anni fa

I venti anni di oscurità del Medioevo
| frankie's / Shutterstock

 

 A partire dal 536 d.C. la Terra conobbe un lungo periodo di oscurità. Non era l'inizio dei cosiddetti secoli bui del Medioevo (il periodo che Francesco Petrarca fa iniziare con la caduta di Roma, nel 476), ma un vero fenomeno atmosferico: in alcune parti dell'Europa e dell'Asia, il Sole splendeva per non più di 4-5 ore al giorno, perennemente coperto, al punto che «i resoconti del tempo dicono che la luce solare era molto simile a quella lunare, per intensità», scrive la geologa Dallas Abbott, che studia gli impatti di oggetti extraterrestri al Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory della Columbia University. L'oscuramento del Sole provocò un raffreddamento globale del pianeta e, a seguire, drammatiche carestie. Resoconti cinesi riferiscono di "eclissi" mai confermate, e naturalmente, in occidente, «si pensava alla fine del mondo», racconta Abbott. ll mondo non finì (come sappiamo), ma per tutti gli esseri viventi - umani e non - iniziava un ventennio particolarmente complesso, tra il 536 e il 555, che gli anelli degli alberi riflettono con grande precisione.

Dendrocronologia: la storia raccontata dagli anelli degli alberi
Gli anelli degli alberi raccontano di un periodo particolarmente difficile per l'ambiente e per tutte le forme di vita sulla Terra, tra il 536 e il 555 d.C. Vedi anche: un mistero di 1.200 anni fa. | Arts Illustrated Studios / Shutterstock

 

Al recente convegno dell'American Geophysical Union, Abbott e il suo collega John Barron hanno presentato una interessante interpretazione del fenomeno, per il quale non c'erano finora solide ipotesi. La loro analisi parte da una carota di ghiaccio estratta in Groenlandia, che ha conservato chiare testimonianze di eruzioni vulcaniche sottomarine che riversarono in atmosfera i sedimenti e i microrganismi che furono la causa principale della riduzione della luce solare.

Sono note eruzioni di vulcani in superficie, tra il 536 e il 541, ma nessuna di intensità tale da emettere così tanta anidride solforosa da bloccare la luce solare, creando in atmosfera una pellicola capace di respingere le radiazioni solari, come invece si verificò. E questo lo si può affermare con certezza, perché in nessun sedimento terrestre, né in alcuna carota di ghiaccio, vi sono indizi a supporto di tale ipotesi. Per questo motivo, Abbott e Barron sospettarono inizialmente che la polvere che oscurò così a lungo il Sole potesse essere arrivata da materiale proveniente dallo spazio - senza però trovare testimonianze storiche e geologiche a supporto.

eruzioni vulcaniche sottomarine
Un'eruzione vulcanica a circa 1.200 metri sotto il livello del mare ripresa da un rover-robot del NOAA. | NOAA / National Science Foundation, via WikiMedia


Quando però i due ricercatori analizzarono la chimica dell'acqua di fusione di quella carota di ghiaccio, classificata con la sigla GISP2, trovarono quasi immediatamente la risposta, annunciata da decine di fossili di specie microscopiche tipiche delle calde acque tropicali: «Abbiamo trovato microfossili di organismi che vivevano a basse latitudini e che non erano mai stati trovati in carote di ghiaccio della Groenlandia, e polveri provenienti da sedimenti marini profondi», spiega Abbott.
Come hanno fatto delle specie tropicali a finire sulla calotta glaciale della Groenlandia?
I ricercatori sostengono che microrganismi e sedimenti siano stati lanciati in atmosfera da eruzioni vulcaniche sottomarine che si verificarono vicino all'equatore: quelle eruzioni avrebbero vaporizzato grandi quantità di acqua di mare, e col vapore si innalzarono sedimenti carichi di calcio e di microscopiche creature marine. La violenza delle eruzioni e il volume dei vapori contribuirono a mantenere il materiale fluttuante in atmosfera per quasi due decenni, oscurando il Sole e lasciando la Terra in una sorta di penombra da eclisse perenne.

Luigi Bignami 

Fonte 

ROVIGO In oltre 80 segnalano ufo in cielo, in realtà sono satelliti

L'osservatorio astronomico polesano ha ricevuto numerose segnalazione di strane luci in cielo

  Risultati immagini per satelliti Star Link

All'osservatorio astronomico polesano, che ha sede a Sant'Apollinare, sono arrivate nelle ultime ore più di 80 segnalazioni di presenza di UFO in cielo, qui in Polesine.

Risultati immagini per satelliti Star Link
.



Il gruppo astrofili polesani però rassicura subito. "Sono i satelliti Starlink che ha lanciato Elon Musk. Potete dormire sogni tranquilli".

Fonte

Commento di Oliviero Mannucci: Quando faccio le mie serate astronomiche pubbliche ho notato una cosa. Quasi tutti gli ospiti, appena vedono una luce in cielo gridano all'UFO. Questo accade perchè spesso la maggior parte delle persone non sono abitauate ad osservare il cielo e non hanno dimestichezza con il " traffic jam"  notturno del cielo. E così, io che sono uno studioso di ufologia, ma anche un astrofilo dal 1975, mi tocca parlare dei vari satelliti Iridium, della Stazione Spaziale Internazionale, del telescopio Hubble e dei vari satelliti che a migliaia passano sopra le nostre teste ogni giorno e ogni notte. E spiego sempre che solo alcune volte, alcuni oggetti luminosi, possono effettivamente far pensare a qualcosa di diverso da un satellite. Come quando mi capitò, erano i primi anni ottanta, di scambiare segnali luminosi con un oggetto che si muoveva in cielo a zig zag, o come quando vidi un un oggetto allungato dal quale fuoriscivano oggetti luminosi più piccoli, o come quando delle sfere luminose di colore rosso si rincorrevano sopra i cieli di Roma, bloccando di fatto il traffico, perchè si trattava di una vera e propria flotta che la gente osservava con il naso all'insù uscendo dall'auto e con conseguente blocco del traffico, e di innumerevoli altri casi che non sto qui ad elencare, avvistati durante esperimenti di contatto alieno. Se le persone passassero meno tempo a consumarsi gli guaradndo telefonini e  televisione e di più il cielo notturno, non prenderebbero più lucciole per lanterne, con buona pace di astrofili e ufologi. Oggi, il panorama di quello che si può ossevare in cielo, che può far pensare ad astronavi aliene, si è molto arricchito. Vi sono, specialmente d'estate, le odiatissime lanterne cinesi, i droni di vario tipo e forma. E ora si aggiungono anche i satelliti Star Link,  che fanno recitare, soprattutto a tanti astrofotografi dei "mantra" irripetibili, che spesso fanno si che alla mamma di chi li ha fatti volare fischi le orecchie, perchè minuti e minuti di posa, per ottenere una immagine irripetibile, sono stati rovinati dal passaggio di tutta codesta  "spazzatura" più o meno spaziale.

lunedì 23 dicembre 2019

Carrie Fisher wishes you a Merry Christmas

 

Source video: Bradonomus

Baby Yoda Yule Log Christmas Music | Star Wars Yule Log Christmas in the Stars | The Mandalorian


Source video: NLEDITS

Darth Santa


Source video: Corridor

Stormtrooper Christmas Song


Source video: Bobblehead George

A Very Merry, Star Wars Christmas



Source video: Ricky Atterby

Star Trek Merry Christmas


Source video: Enterprise321

Klingon X-Mas Song




Source video:

Mariah Carey - All I Want for Christmas Is You


Source video: Mariah Carey

Mariah Carey's official video for “All I Want For Christmas Is You (Make My Wish Come True Edition)”

ANCIENTS ALIENS: HOLIDAY SPECIAL




Source video: patriotdad69

Grey Alien Bodys Government Roswell Dias Secrets 1947 • Watch Free History Documentaries




Source video: My History Channel

Men In Black Seizes Military UFO Footage?


Source video: Mystery History

Ancient Aliens: Star Map Reveals Lost Mayan City (Season 12) | History


Source video: HISTORY

Ancient Aliens: The Akashic Record (Season 12) | Exclusive | History


Source video: HISTORY

Ancient Aliens: INCREDIBLE INTERSTELLAR OBJECT FOUND (Season 13) | History


Source video: HISTORY


LIVE! Space Force Established! Why Now? 2019-2020


Source streaming: thirdphaseofmoon


Major Discovery! NASA TEST Crystallized Humanoid In Moon Meteorite?


Source video: thirdphaseofmoon

Craig Ebrahimi tells his incredible discovery to Thirdpaseofmoon Exclusive Interview! These images I am providing you are of Extraterrestrial organics discovered in a 27-pound LUNAR meteorite. This research is ongoing almost for two years with a collaboration of multi-international scientist The extraterrestrial embryo structure is currently analyzed with a non-destructive technique Raman spectroscopy. A NASA ARES division extracted organics from samples provided Recently have had private viewings with space industry leaders and eastern royalty we are unlocking Multi billion dollar DNA biotechnology , HUMAN longevity ,future sciences Become a Member! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuBP... UFO Youtube Channel Thirdphaseofmoon! Share Your Incredible UFO Videos To the World! Upload your UFO Video To Youtube, Then Copy Paste The Link To My Email! cousinsbrothersproductions@gmail.com Keep Your Eyes on the Skies! We are not Alone!

Investigating a NOTAM Warning Zone



Source video: Seekers UFO

Tracey and Tim noticed a NOTAM Warning Zone on SkyVector.com in the Mojave Desert near China Lake Naval Weapons Station. The team made it to the area during the active NOTAM Warning time. Hoping to see a test of some kind, they'll sky-watch for activity in the southeastern Sierra Nevada Mountain foothills of the Mojave Desert (Armstead, CA). WEBSITE: https://ufoseekers.com EMAIL: help@ufoseekers.com SECURE EMAIL: ufoseekers@protonmail.com PHONE: (661) UFO-7889 FACEBOOK: https://facebook.com/ufoseekers TWITTER: https://twitter.com/ufo_seekers INSTAGRAM: https://instagram.com/ufoseekers PATREON: https://patreon.com/ufoseekers Become a UFO Seekers YouTube Member: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC9mV...

UFO Sightings l Metallic UFO Seen in Florida l Strange Cloud Formation!


Source video: mavi 777

Alien UFO Sightings l Huge Bright UFO Caught Over Las Vegas l Sky Anomaly!


Source video: mavi 777


Meteor cover mysteriously levitates by itself in Russian museum


Source video: RT

The dome covering the meteorite in South Ural State Historical Museum spontaneously begins to levitate before freezing at a height of about 10 cm. We do not believe in mysticism. However the twin brother of the Chelyabinsk meteorite flew near the Earth recently… Coincidence?

Soyuz MS-15 new crew arrives at the ISS (and a UFO too) 9/25/2019


Source video: willease

The Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft docked to the aft port of the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station on 25 September 2019, at 19:42 UTC. The International Space Station Expedition 61 crew members, Roscosmos cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka, NASA astronaut Jessica Meir and spaceflight participant Hazzaa Ali Almansoori, the first space traveler from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), are scheduled to enter the station at around 21:45 UTC. The Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft was launched by the last Soyuz-FG rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, on 25 September 2019, at 13:57 UTC (18:57 local time, 09:57 EDT). Credit: NASA/Roscosmos NASA's replay of the docking has edited the short UFO segment out. The question for me is why? Unless there was something significant about it, there would be no reason to remove it. Thank GOD for live steam capture programs! "Let There Be Light " by Rafael Krux (https://www.orchestralis.net/) License: CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b...)

10 Alien First Contact Scenarios


Source video: Jhon Michael Scenarios

An exploration of 10 speculative alien first contact scenarios and how they might be very different from science fiction depictions.

AREA 51: The REAL Area 52 - Tonopah Test Range


Source video: TheArea51Rider

 Defense expert and author Tyler Rogoway recently acquired and published satellite images showing several unidentified aircraft exiting the hangars of the Tonopah Test Range Airport, located along the northern edge of the sprawling Nevada Test and Training Range, near the AREA 51. This image may not receive all the attention of the ufologist community, such as the nearby Area 51, but in many respects it is equally fascinating. TTR (Tonopah Test Range) was born out of a program that saw American fighter pilots train and secretly fly to capture MiGs from the former Soviet Union. Not long after the launch of the program, the remote installation was significantly expanded to accommodate the force of the F-117 Nighthawks. It was also the original home of the Sentinel RQ-170. Today, the high-security base continues to support a number of secret programs, as well as tests from nearby AREA 51. Now, very unusual activities, around a dozen hangars, have been captured via satellite. The image in question (see above) was taken around 10:15 local time on December 6, 2019 from one of Planet Labs’ PlanetScope satellites that reproduce the vast majority of the earth daily. The three-meter image shows the first row of the southernmost ‘canyon’ of the hangars, originally built for the F-117 program, with apparently identical boats sitting opposite or at least protruding from the hangars. These are also the hangars that seem to house at least one secret plane, which has been seen peeking at multiple previous satellite images in the past. But the December 6 image is unique in that we could not find a similar phenomenon after checking hundreds of similar images that last for months. It seems that that program was only active that day with a small fleet that constitutes the content of those hangars involved. It is not clear exactly what we are seeing in the pictures. Morning shadows are clearly present, but in our experience with using and examining thousands of PlanetScope images, objects appear smaller than they are because of the lower resolution, not vice versa. The wings and other appendages on smaller airplanes seem to disappear making them appear overall smaller than they actually are. The size of the patches we see in the image are roughly the size of a fighter plane. The question is: what kind of aircraft are we seeing if it really is so? Whether it’s the elusive unmanned combat aerial vehicles that USAF won’t even recognize or the Sentinel RQ-170 derived planes, which is entirely possible, they could be totally outside their hangars based on their size. If they are larger aircraft, they may have a good portion of their fuselages located in front of the hangar doors. Historically, Tonopah has proven to be the natural place where secret planes migrate after being in a state of experimentation and development in Area 51. In Tonopah, they move into a semi-operational and even fully operational state while remaining under a cloak of the secret. We saw it with the F-117 and RQ-170. With that in mind, are we seeing in the satellite photos a force of unmanned aerial combat vehicles, invisible helicopters or even a manned spy plane that has existed in darkness for many years or something completely different? We simply don’t know, but this image serves as a further reminder that a fleet of secret planes could very well live in the shadow of Tonopah.

Top UFO stories of 2019



2019 was a big year for UFO coverage, ranging from the U.S. Navy acknowledging for the first time that leaked videos were real to former and current politicians weighing in on what the military knows, and a wave of people attempting to "storm Area 51."
No one can say for certain whether life exists outside of this planet, but the public's interest levels in the subject have likely never been higher.
FIRST QUARTER
January saw the release of newly declassified documents from the Pentagon that revealed the Department of Defense funded projects that investigated UFOs, wormholes, alternate dimensions and a host of other subjects that are often the topics of conspiracy theorists.
The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) released 38 research titles on Jan. 18, following a Freedom of Information Act request from Steven Aftergood, director of the Federation of American Scientists’ Project on Government Secrecy. The research was funded by the Department of Defense under its Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP).

MAN WHO EXPOSED 'AREA 51 UFO TESTS' CLAIMS US GOVERNMENT STILL MONITORS HIM 30 YEARS LATER

The existence of AATIP was initially described by The New York Times and Politico in 2017. It was subsequently reported by Fox News and a number of other news outlets that the Pentagon had secretly set up a program to investigate UFOs at the request of former Sen. Harry Reid, D-Nev.
A Pentagon spokesman said the UFO program ended in 2012, though The New York Times said the Defense Department still investigates potential episodes of unidentified flying objects.
SECOND QUARTER
Several months later, the U.S. Navy announced it was drafting new guidelines for pilots and other employees to report encounters with "unidentified aircraft."
"There have been a number of reports of unauthorized and/or unidentified aircraft entering various military-controlled ranges and designated air space in recent years," the Navy said in an April statement to Politico, which first reported the move.
"For safety and security concerns, the Navy and the [U.S. Air Force] takes these reports very seriously and investigates each and every report."
"As part of this effort," it told Politico, "the Navy is updating and formalizing the process by which reports of any such suspected incursions can be made to the cognizant authorities. A new message to the fleet that will detail the steps for reporting is in draft."
The Navy also said it's taking a more proactive approach in briefing lawmakers, including several senators who were briefed in June.
One month later, the Pentagon admitted that it was still investigating UFOs as part of the AATIP.
“The Department of Defense is always concerned about maintaining positive identification of all aircraft in our operating environment, as well as identifying any foreign capability that may be a threat to the homeland,” spokesman Christopher Sherwood told the New York Post in May. “The department will continue to investigate, through normal procedures, reports of unidentified aircraft encountered by US military aviators in order to ensure defense of the homeland and protection against strategic surprise by our nation’s adversaries.”
Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Christopher Mellon told Fox & Friends in May the Navy has a right to be concerned about the unexplained sightings.
"We know that UFOs exist. This is no longer an issue," said Mellon, who has written on the topic and is associated with the History Channel series, 'Unidentified,' at the time. "The issue is why are they here? Where are they coming from and what is the technology behind these devices that we are observing?"
There are indications, Mellon said, that the objects reported by Navy pilots in 2014 and 2015 and mentioned in the New York Times report were doing things that aren't possible in this physical realm.

ALIENS? HARVARD PROFESSOR DEFENDS CLAIM MYSTERIOUS INTERSTELLAR OBJECT COULD BE EXTRATERRESTRIAL PROBE

The speeds that were reported (about 5,000 miles per hour, according to Mellon) were only sustainable for about an hour by an aircraft in the air, and these objects would be flying around all day long, the pilots said.
"Pilots observing these craft are absolutely mystified and that comes through clearly in their public statements," Mellon continued.
In June 2019, Reid, now retired, expressed his desire for lawmakers to hold public hearings into what the military knows.
"They would be surprised how the American public would accept it," he said during a wide-ranging interview with a Nevada radio station. "People from their individual states would accept it."
THIRD QUARTER
What started as an internet joke in July to "see them aliens,"  turned into the headline-grabbing "Storm Area 51" event in September.
Although more than 2 million people signed up on Facebook saying they would attend the viral phenomenon event, a motley group of about 100 “alien-chasers” converged on the back gate of the secret site early Sept. 20, according to the Las Vegas Review-Journal.
Only a few people were arrested, Fox News previously reported.
People came from all over the U.S. to attend the viral event, which generated security concerns and garnered global attention.
"We figure Mars needs women, so we're here if they want to beam us up," one woman told Fox News in September.

FORMER US DEFENSE OFFICIAL: WE KNOW UFOS ARE REAL - HERE'S WHY THAT'S CONCERNING

FOURTH QUARTER
Americans said in a September Gallup poll they are becoming increasingly skeptical that the government knows more than it is letting on as it pertains to UFOs and an ex-punk rocker may be the one who opens the proverbial pandora's box.
A spokesperson for To the Stars Academy of Arts & Sciences (TTSA), co-founded by former Blink-182 singer Tom DeLonge, told The New York Times in September that it "certainly" had obtained "exotic material samples from UFOs," but no further details were given at the time.
Later that month, the U.S. Navy acknowledged that three UFO videos that were released by former Blink-182 singer Tom DeLonge and published by The New York Times are of real "unidentified" objects.
“The Navy considers the phenomena contained/depicted in those three videos as unidentified," Navy spokesman Joseph Gradisher told The Black Vault, a website dedicated to declassified government documents.

BLINK-182 FOUNDER'S UFO HUNTING GROUP CLINCHES DEAL WITH ARMY TO STUDY 'EXOTIC MATERIAL'

Gradisher added that “the ‘Unidentified Aerial Phenomena’ terminology is used because it provides the basic descriptor for the sightings/observations of unauthorized/unidentified aircraft/objects that have been observed entering/operating in the airspace of various military-controlled training ranges.”
The videos in question, known as "FLIR1,” “Gimbal” and “GoFast,” were originally released to the New York Times and to the TTSA.
The first video of the unidentified object was taken on Nov. 14, 2004, and shot by an F-18's gun camera. The second video was taken on Jan. 21, 2015, and shows another aerial vehicle with pilots commenting on how strange it is. The third video was also taken on Jan. 21, 2015, but it is unclear whether the third video was of the same object or a different one.
In October, the TTSA  signed a deal with the U.S. Army to study its purported extraterrestrial "discoveries."
November saw the publication of an explosive report that detailed the involvement of two "unknown individuals" who told several Naval officers who witnessed the 2004 event, known as the USS Nimitz UFO incident, to delete evidence.
Earlier this month, Chris Rutkowski, a Canadian science writer and ufologist, donated his collection of more than 20,000 UFO reports filed over the past three decades, plus another 10,000 UFO-related documents from the Canadian government, including the so-called Falcon Lake incident, which Rutkowski said "beats even Roswell."

Source News

sabato 21 dicembre 2019

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev talks about aliens being on Earth and The Men in Black Russian Documentary


Source video: Monsters and Critics



Source video: Lisbet7650

Michio Kaku: Future of Humans, Aliens, Space Travel & Physics | Artificial Intelligence (AI) Podcast


Source video: Lex Fridman

Michio Kaku is a theoretical physicist, futurist, and professor at the City College of New York. He is the author of many fascinating books on the nature of our reality and the future of our civilization. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast.

National Geographic Documentary - Aliens & UFO Killing Humans



Source video: Jerad Herman


Ai confini della scienza Caccia agli Alieni - Documentario completo 2020 (NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC ITA)


Source video: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC ITA

Aliens in Space and Universe National Geographic | Space Documentary 2020


Source video: TL Documentary

UFO Documentary Most Famous UFO Sightings in History



Source video: My History Channel!

Alien Races KGB book








Source videos: Lord Seth

Alien Races KGB book

Brown: Strange Planet's blue aliens try hard to understand Earth customs

After reading Nathan W. Pyle’s Strange Planet, your perceptions of the human race and their world may shift a bit. So be warned.

 
After reading Nathan W. Pyle’s Strange Planet, your perceptions of the human race and their world may shift a bit. So be warned.
A collection of Pyle’s online cartoons, this book imagines the dialogue among a family of aliens who are (seemingly) just learning about our strange Earth customs.
Strange Planet does what the best cartoons do – it makes us look at our reality in a new, unfamiliar light. It’s what Bill Watterson did with Calvin and Hobbes and what Gary Larson did in his The Far Side.
In one four-panel strip in Strange Planet, one blue alien asks another why her skin is tinged red. “I was exposed to the nearest star. I feel more attractive. It’s the star damage,” the bulb-headed creature explains to her friend.
What is this pair of extraterrestrials really discussing? What we call sunburn. “I crave star damage,” the friend admits, poking fun at the human obsession with having skin that has a deep, supposedly healthy tone.
In another strip, a young alien stretches out in bed. “My body cannot endure formal education,” he tells his mother. “I’ll measure your mouth hotness to verify your claim,” comes back the response.
“Your malfunction is legitimate,” the parent concludes after reading the thermometer, “You may occupy the life chamber” – or as we call it, the living room.
In this book, a cat’s purrs are called “vibrations.” The Tooth Fairy is “the magical mouth stone being.” Baseball is the sport of “orb catching.” And socks are “foot fabric tubes.”
And if you have trouble keeping track of the lingo, Pyle helpfully includes a picture glossary in the back just in case you can’t understand what the heck these aliens are on about.
Sometimes all you have to do to reprogram a person’s senses is to skew their brain into a slightly off-kilter position. That’s how the mundane takes on new meaning.
And isn’t that all you can ask of any book?

Dan Brown 

Source News 

Area 51's Most Outrageous Top Secret Spy Plane Projects

Their designs were so radical that test flights over the Nevada desert often prompted a rash of 'UFO' sightings.




In 1955, the Central Intelligence Agency, U.S. Air Force and defense contractor Lockheed Martin chose an ultra-remote site in the Mojave Desert of southern Nevada, about 80 miles northwest of Las Vegas, to begin testing and developing the newest, most advanced aircraft in the world at the time.
For decades, the Nevada Test and Training Range, better known as Area 51, didn’t appear on any public map, and the U.S. government didn’t even admit it existed. Thanks to the ironclad security surrounding the site, and the experimental nature of the “black aircraft” tested there, rumors of unidentified flying objects, captive aliens and other mysterious activities have swirled around Area 51 ever since the ‘50s. But even if no alien-made UFOs ever took to the skies over the salt flat known as Groom Lake, we now know—thanks in large part to declassified CIA documents—that a number of highly sophisticated, highly unusual aircraft were developed and tested there. From the U-2 spy planes of the Cold War era to a purely experimental Star Trek-inspired craft from the 1990s, here are six of Area 51’s most intriguing aircraft.


U-2 Dragon Lady

Area 51: U-2 Spy Plane
Lockheed U-2 plane, 1957.

 In the early 1950s, at the peak of the Cold War, the CIA began a covert effort to develop a reconnaissance plane that could reach an altitude of 70,000 feet, high enough (it was thought) to avoid detection by Soviet radar. The result, developed under the code name Project Aquatone, was the U-2, the single-engine aircraft with glider-like wings designed by Clarence “Kelly” Johnson, founder of Lockheed Martin’s Advanced Development Projects division (better known as Skunk Works). Lockheed built the plane at Skunk Works headquarters in Burbank, California, in just eight months, then sent it for testing at Area 51, which Johnson nicknamed “Paradise Ranch.”

Before the U-2 was ready to fly, Lockheed engineers had to find a fuel that would not evaporate in the high altitudes at which the aircraft was designed to fly. To meet this challenge, Shell Oil Company produced a special low-volatility kerosene fuel using the petroleum byproducts it normally employed in its “Flit” fly and bug spray. In addition, the technology behind the pressurized suits developed to keep U-2 pilots alive at such high altitudes would later play a key role in the manned space program.
The U-2 (accidentally) took its first test flight over Groom Lake on August 1, 1955 and less than a year later flew over the USSR for the first time, becoming “immediately the most important source of intelligence on the Soviet Union,” according to a now-declassified CIA report. There was a cost, however: In 1956, three CIA pilots were killed during U-2 test flights, including two at Area 51 and one at an Air Force base in Germany. In May 1960, the Soviets shot down a U-2 over the Russian city of Sverdlovsk, capturing its pilot Francis Gary Powers and forcing the United States to admit it was spying. While President Eisenhower halted all U-2 flights over the Soviet Union, plans were already in the works for a smaller, faster—and stealthier—aircraft.


A-12 Oxcart & SR-71 Blackbird

Area 51: A-12 Oxcart
A-12 Oxcarts in a row, circa 1963.

 

Launched in 1957, Project Oxcart produced two of the fastest, highest-flying aircraft in U.S. history, the one-seat Archangel-12 and the two-seat SR-71 Blackbird. The A-12 had two jet engines, a long fuselage and a distinctive cobra-like appearance.
The first completed A-12 arrived at Area 51 in February 1962, after being disassembled in Burbank and transported to Nevada in a specially designed trailer that cost almost $100,000 (more than $830,000 today). To keep the A-12’s existence secret, the CIA briefed the head of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), who made sure air-traffic controllers were told to submit written reports of unusually fast, high-flying planes, rather than mention such sightings over the radio. Still, reports of UFO sightings around Area 51 would reach new heights in the mid-’60s, writes Annie Jacobsen in Area 51: An Uncensored History of America’s Top Secret Military Base, starting just after the A-12 made its official first flight over Area 51 in April 1962.
Declared fully operational in 1965, after attaining a sustained speed of Mach 3.2 (just over 2,200 m.p.h.) at 90,000 feet of altitude, the A-12 began flying missions over Vietnam and North Korea in 1967. The following year, it was retired in favor of its Air Force successor, the SR-71 Blackbird.

Area 51: SR-71
A U.S. Air Force SR-71A, also known as the "Blackbird", is put through it''s paces during a test flight over Beale Air Force Base in California. The aircraft is a strategic reconnaissance plane by Lockheed and is the world''s fastest and highest flying operational aircraft.
 Longer and heavier than the A-12, the SR-71 paired supersonic speed with a low radar profile, due to its sleek tapered design and black radar-absorbing paint. On July 28, 1976, pilots flew an SR-71 at a record speed of Mach 3.3, or 2,193 mph. At 400 feet per second, this was literally faster than a speeding rifle bullet. Retired in 1990, after more than three decades of service, the SR-71 remains the world’s fastest aircraft.


Soviet MiG-21 

Area 51: MiG-21
USSR supersonic fighter jet MiG-21, seen taking off in October 1968.

In addition to testing new aircraft technologies, Area 51 was also used to study foreign warplanes that the U.S. government obtained covertly during the Cold War. In the late 1960s, according to now-declassified CIA documents, the Air Force obtained “Fishbed-E,” a Soviet MiG-21 jet fighter that was loaned to the United States after an Iraqi pilot used it to defect to Israel. Under the program codenamed Have Doughnut, Area 51 personnel inspected and reverse-engineered the Mach-2 fighter in order to learn how it performed and compare it to select U.S. fighter planes.
Over 40 days in 1968, U.S. pilots flew the MiG in 102 test flights, logging 77 hours of total flying time. They found that while the Soviet plane was slower than American planes like the F-5 and F-105, it had a tighter turning radius than any of them; this finding led analysts to warn U.S. pilots to avoid “prolonged maneuvering engagements,” or dogfighting.
The top secret MiG program at Area 51 paid dividends in the skies over Vietnam, where U.S. Air Force pilots ended the war with a two-to-one overall kill-loss ratio, downing a total of 137 Soviet-made MiGs. It would also spark the creation of the now-famous Top Gun fighter-pilot school, established in 1969.


F-117 Nighthawk

Area 51: F-117 Nighthawk
An F-117 Nighthawk flying over the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range near Edwards Air Force Base, 2002.

 

In the 1970s, Area 51 saw the development of the nation’s first stealth bomber, the F-117 Nighthawk, designed by Lockheed’s Skunk Works and developed under the code name Have Blue. With a faceted, diamond-like surface designed to reflect and disrupt radar beams, the F-117 could almost be mistaken for the boomerang-shaped UFOs that had been a fixture in the public imagination as far back as the 1940s.
Though the futuristic, alien-looking aircraft first flew over Area 51 in June 1981, it wasn’t publicly unveiled until late 1988, spending seven years under wraps as one of the Pentagon’s highest-value black projects. After bombing high-value targets across Baghdad to open Operation Desert Storm in early 1991, the F-117 served U.S. forces in Afghanistan and again in Iraq before it was retired in 2008. Still, an unknown number are still flying.


Boeing YF-118G Bird of Prey

Area 51: Boeing Bird of Prey
Boeing and the Air Force unveil the ultra secret Bird of Prey prototype.
In the 1990s, Boeing developed its own top-secret aircraft, the Bird of Prey, in a project managed by the Air Force at Area 51. A research-and-development aircraft that was never intended for production, the hawk-like YF-118G was named for its resemblance to the battlecruiser used by the Klingons in the 1984 movie Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. Its purpose was to test different aircraft technologies and ways to make planes less visible to the eye and detectable by radar.
The Bird of Prey first flew from Area 51 in 1996; it made 38 flights before the program was completed in 1999. It was declassified several years later, and Boeing donated the aircraft to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, though it continued to keep many of the plane’s most mysterious aspects under wraps.

Sarah Pruitt 

Source News